Pennsylvania Applicator Renewal FAQs

What are the continuing education requirements for Pennsylvania Private applicators?

Private applicators must complete 6 credits of core and 6 credits of category-specific continuing education.

When is my Pennsylvania private applicator license due for renewal?

You must renew your license every three years by March 31st.

Is there a fee to renew my Pennsylvania private applicator license?

Yes, you must pay $10 to renew.

Are your Pennsylvania pesticide courses state-approved?

Yes! All our courses are state approved. Approval numbers are listed after the course title.

Who submits my Pennsylvania pesticide continuing education to the state?

Certified Training Institute will report your course completions for you!

Online Pesticide Professional Continuing Education
State-approved video continuing education courses are available 24/7



Illinois Architects Continuing Education Requirements FAQs

How do I renew my Illinois architect license?

A renewal notice will be sent to you in the mail approximately two months prior to the expiration date of your license.  It is important to always keep your address updated with the state so you will receive your renewal notice.  

What are the Illinois Continuing Education Guideline Requirements?

Illinois architects must complete a minimum of 24 continuing education hours (CEHs) including 16-Hours in HSW subjects by November 30th of even-numbered years.

Do I need to complete continuing education requirements for my AIA membership?

Yes, as an Architect member of the American Institute of Architects (AIA), 18 learning unit hours are required per calendar-year for membership renewal.  Of these 18 hours, at least 12 hours must be in subjects designated as Health, Safety, and Welfare (HSW).

Are AIA approved classes accepted to renew my Illinois architect license?


I have extra Illinois architect continuing education hours, can I apply them to the next renewal cycle?

No, learning units must be completed in their respective cycle.

Who notifies Illinois of my architect continuing education?

The licensee must notify the state. Continuing education records must be kept for 5-years. Architects Training Institute will store your records for 6-years at no extra cost.

How do I obtain an Illinois architect license?

Follow the instructions on and complete the Architecture Information Application.

Does Illinois offer architect reciprocity?


My Illinois architect registration has lapsed/is inactive, how do I reinstate it?

If your license has been expired/inactive for less than 3-years you must submit a written request including:

Your Name
License Number
Current Address
Valid Email Address
Proof of Completing 24-Hours of Continuing Education
Child Support Statement

If your license has been expired/inactive for more than 3-years you must contact the department to reinstate.

Illinois Department of Financial & Professional Regulation

320 West Washington Street
Springfield, Illinois 62786

Phone: 217-785-0820
Toll-Free: 1-888-4REGUL8 (1-888-473-4858)
TTY: 1-866-325-4949



How Culture Persuades Architecture: Feng Shui And Hong Kong

In the past, Chinese emperors designed cities in accordance with feng shui principles. Although cities in China are less explicit in the practice today, it still influences architectural design in places such as Hong Kong. The belief system influence ranges from the layout of an area space to specific calculations on when to install certain objects like an entrance door. Feng shui is so ingrained into Hong Kong’s architectural identity that in 2005, the Hong Kong City University became the first in the world to offer a feng shui course as part of its building and engineering master’s degree program, according to an article in The Guardian.

The basic idea of feng shui is that there is good energy floating around called qi (pronounced Chi), and if you optimize your physical environment, you can channel that good luck.

The HSBC Building, the Hong Kong Shanghai Bank, is often used as an example of applying good feng shui principles. According to an interesting Vox video, the building squares off nicely with the mountains in the back and the harbor in the front allowing good qi to flow. When you enter the lobby it’s noticeably elevated with escalators set at an intentionally weird looking angle to fend off bad luck as it’s coming through a hole in the bottom of the of the building.

The Bank of China Tower, a nearby skyscraper next to the HSBC Building, is often criticized by feng shui practitioners. The developers explicitly ignored the concerns over the sharp angles of the skyscraper design, which would cut the good qi and create bad luck for all the surrounding buildings. The HSBC Bank put up maintenance cranes in the shape of cannons in response to combat the bad qi they thought was coming from the sharply angled skyscraper.

A common feature in the Hong Kong skyline are buildings with holes in the middle. Vox described the holes in the buildings as “dragon gates,” deriving from the superstitious belief of dragons. The reasoning is the dragons live up in the nearby mountains and travel down to the water. If buildings block them they send out bad luck. Vox later clarified that:

“while construction firms have specifically cited feng shui as a motive for putting holes in their buildings, the unique design also has other purposes other than superstition, including heat ventilation and city code compliance. Feng shui is not always a factor in these design decisions but we did hope to show that the belief systems have influenced architectural decisions in Hong Kong.”

Hong Kong’s architecture is a good example of expression in cultural identity. Feng shui continues to shape the urban design layout and is taken seriously among many of the city’s residents.



Where Are We Moving To?

United Van Lines has tracked migration patterns annually on a state-by-state basis since 1977. For 2017, they released a study based on the household moves they’ve handled. What they discovered was a trend of citizens moving westward while the Midwest and Northeast are losing residents.

“This year’s data reflects longer-term trends of movement to the western and southern states, especially to those where housing costs are relatively lower, climates are more temperate and job growth has been at or above the national average, among other factors,” said Melissa Sullivan, Director of Marketing Communications.

The Southern states also saw a lot of people moving in (52%) and United Van Lines found the top reasons for moving south was company transfer/new job, retirement, and proximity to family. Although the Mountain West was the most popular among retirees moving, the top regions attracting movers taking new jobs included the Midwest (61%) and the Pacific West (59%).

The study is ranked based upon the inbound and outbound percentages of total moves in each state.

Top Ten Inbound States of 2017:

  1. Vermont
  2. Oregon
  3. Idaho
  4. Nevada
  5. South Dakota
  6. Washington
  7. South Carolina
  8. North Carolina
  9. Colorado
  10. Alabama

The Top Outbound States For 2017 (moving out)

  1. Illinois
  2. New Jersey
  3. New York
  4. Connecticut
  5. Kansas
  6. Massachusetts
  7. Ohio
  8. Kentucky
  9. Utah
  10. Wisconsin



True North in Detroit Selected as Finalist for International Architecture Prize

True North is an experimental live/work community located in Detroit that has received notable attention. It has been selected by the Mies Crown Hall Americas Prize as one of six finalists (2 of which are located in the U.S.). The prize is designated to the best-build work in the Americas from January 2016 to December 2017. The list of other finalists include:

  • Teopanzolco Culture Center in Cuernavaca, Mexico
  • Smithsonian Museum of African American History and Culture in Washington DC
  • SESC 24 de Maio in Sao Paolo, Brazil
  • Edificio E in Piura, Peru
  • IMS Paulista in Sao Paolo, Brazil

The Director of MCHAP, Dirk Denison, notes on how the finalists can create influence in both architecture and culture—“MCHAP projects push forward the development of architecture as a practice, reshaping how we see and organiz[ing] the built environment around us. They participate in the large cultural exchange that is an essential characteristic of the Americas today.”

True North was led by developer Philip Kafka and Prince Concepts and the architects Edwin Chan/EC3 has nine rental units and is designed specifically for their inhabitants who think differently with their spacious and still neighborhood. The corrugated galvanized steel structures provide affordable accommodation and offer unique external and internal spaces. Visit their website for more information and what they offer at “We provide space for self-stimulated people. Period.”



New Thermal Capability For Kespry Drones

On July 25th, 2018, Kespry announced a new radiometric thermal capability for their drone-based aerial intelligence platform. This new capability will allow new opportunities for businesses in the commercial property industry to get accurate information when they inspect roofs.

According to Kespry they offer a new solution in thermal data and roof inspections by offering:

  • Radiometric temperature analysis delivering a specific temperature at a specific point on a roof instead of just temperature trends or variations from non-radiometric drone data.
  • The combination of high-resolution visual data with radiometric thermal data to enable inspections to accurately identify the specific point of concern instead of relying on grainy, ill-defined thermal overlays.
  • Roof dimension data to allow inspectors to complete their analysis and reports much faster than waiting for manual measurements or third-party data.

Drones offering thermal data to access risk is not new, but existing technology did not do a good job of locating a thermal anomaly like leaks, pooling of liquid, or site of damage. Kespry’s new software could potentially change how workers in the commercial real estate, insurance, and management industries operate to see if a building structure is in trouble.

According to the website The Drive, “What Kespry has done here, essentially, is charge ahead of even the latest unmanned efforts in the inspection industry, by combining high-resolution fidelity with thermal imaging. It’ is this combination, that the company seems to have pulled out of its sleeve and dropped onto the proverbial table as the game-changer we’ve been anticipating.”

This new software seems to be an improvement for thermal imaging in drones. This has the potential to save workers in the commercial real estate industry and property owners time and money when they assess a building structure.


Individuals piloting drones for commercial purposes must pass the FAA Remote Pilot in Command  Exam in order to obtain a certificate.
Certified Training Institute offers online video exam prep to ensure you pass the exam on your first try!


Louisiana Contractors Exam Prep FAQs

How do I get my Louisiana Residential Contractor License?

  1. Submit an application to the State Licensing Board for Contractors along with the supporting documents. Here is a link to obtain the application:
  2. Upon receipt of the application, the State Licensing Board for Contractors will send you an examination scheduling notice with the date of your exam. You will be required to pass a Business and Law exam and the Trade exam for the license you are seeking. - Prepare for the exam with online exam prep - 98% Pass Rate!

Do I have to take the State of Louisiana exams at the Baton Rouge State Licensing Board?

LSLBC will offer computer-based trade exams outside of Baton Rouge in partnership with Bossier Parish Community College, the University of Louisiana at Monroe, LSU-Alexandria, Sowela Tech in Lake Charles and Delgado in New Orleans, the trade examinations will be “local” for all contractors.

Are State of Louisiana exams open book?

This is a closed book exam. A calculator will be provided for your use during the examination. The following is an outline of the subject areas (in descending order of weight) that will be covered in the exam:

  • Rough Carpentry 26%
  • Interior and Exterior Finish 20%
  • Concrete and Rebar 19%
  • Associated Trades 10%
  • Excavation and Site Work 9%
  • Roofing 6%
  • Masonry 5%
  • Plans and Specifications 5%

The examination is made up of 80 multiple-choice questions which are equally weighted. You will have four hours to complete this examination.

How long does it take to complete the Builders License Training Institute Louisiana exam prep courses?

The course takes approximately 8-hours, but we move rapidly through the materials. For a thorough review, you may want to allow twice that amount of time. The NASCLA Accredited Commercial Contractor Course should take at least 24-30 hours.

Once you register, you have up to 6 months before your course is deactivated. If you need longer, just give us a call and we can arrange an extension.

Is Continued Education required in order to keep my Louisiana license?

Yes, you are required to complete six hours per year by your original licensing date to renew your Louisiana Contractor License. This increased in January 2012 from four hours to six hours each year.

What happens if I don’t renew my license by my renewal date?

A delinquent penalty of $50 for late renewal of Commercial and Residential contractor licenses may be assessed 15 days following the expiration date. Failure to renew your license within six months after your renewal date will result in forfeiture of your renewal rights and you will have to start all over.

How do I show the State of Louisiana that I’ve completed my annual Continued Education?

Simply mail a copy of your Certificate of completion from our course to:

State Licensing Board for Contractors
252 Quail Drive
Baton Rouge, LA 70808

Phone #: (225)765-2301

You do not need to send the Continued Education Form because we have all of the necessary information printed on your certificate.

Does the NASCLA-Accredited Exam replace the Trades exam for Commercial Contractors?

When you pass the NASCLA Accredited Examination for Commercial General Building Contractors, you will be listed in the NASCLA National Examination Database. You will then have this information available for the following states which accept the NASCLA Accredited Examination: AL, AR, GA, LA, MS, NV, NC, OR, SC, TN, UT. US Virgin Islands, VA, and WV. You may also need to take each states’ specific business/law/project management exam in addition to the NASCLA exam.

Do you need Louisiana Contractor Exam Prep or Continuing Education?


Bollworms Posing a Challenge to Mississippi Cotton

Many Mississippi cotton growers are facing challenges with the high bollworm egg lays from flights of moths coming out of corn into cotton fields. The Bt toxins in corn do not work as well anymore and because cotton has similar gene trait structure,  bollworms are surviving longer.

Dr. Angus Catchot, a professor of entomology and plant pathology, told the Delta FarmPress that cotton farm producers are reporting 40-50% egg lays in the South Delta area, with the areas in the north and east being hit heavy consistently. There is a correlation between the big flight of bollworms and the proximity to Bt corn crops.

Catchot has also recommended treatment based on egg threshold. In the past diamides like Prevathon and Besiege were primarily used and are now being recommended at a higher rate even though it will cost more.

Crops that are classified as VIP cotton are asked not to be treated to give those technologies a chance to work. “Although there is no recommendation to treat VIP cotton crops doesn’t make it bulletproof,” said Catchot. He also warns that the implementation of widespread VIP corn may lead to the same issue years down the road. There might be a reduction at first but it may not take long for the bollworms to develop a resistance. VIP corn is available but it doesn’t have a lot of market share.

Every bollworm comes through the corn. Decisions made in corn production will play a huge factor on cotton.  It’s important for farmers to think about the selection pressure put on that gene. Cotton growers will have a more immediate problem and the corn grower will be happy for a while, even though returns may be negligible, above the other Bt traits.

Pesticide Professional Continuing Education

Online state-approved video continuing education courses are available 24/7.



The History of Water in Boston

Water played a crucial role in shaping the early regions of Massachusetts when the settlers first immigrated. The Puritans first landed and settled in America around the Charlestown area, but had issues accessing fresh water in 1620. They later acquired land on the Shawmut Peninsula from English settler William Blaxton, in the area known today as Boston. A great spring was located there and quality water bubbled out of the ground.

Although the water supply was plentiful for a small community, the colony had to accommodate for expansion and growth. This led to the first waterworks system in 1652. According to This system consisted of “wooden pipes and a reservoir for drinking, as well as putting out the fires that often occurred from houses built mainly of wood.” In the 1700’s, the city of Boston began selling fresh water from the system to residents. The size of the system grew large enough that it required pressurization and iron pipes were substituted (invented in Philadelphia).

The Tremont House, a hotel in Boston from 1829 and 1895, was the first American hotel to feature indoor plumbing, indoor toilets and baths, and free soap for guests.

At one point in time, Boston passed an ordinance that banned bathing in the winter except under doctor’s orders. This was during the time cities were trying to get a better handle on outbreaks of diseases.

The developments of the flush toilet and the sanitary sewer system meant that residents didn’t throw their waste outside into the streets. Boston was often at the forefront of plumbing innovation because they were a port city, serving as a distribution point for inventions from England. In turn, the success of Boston’s water projects led other cities in the US to incorporate water and sanitation facilities into city plans.

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Development Aims to Transform Tampa Bay’s Downtown & Waterfront

Tampa has set plans aiming to transform their downtown by investing heavily into its waterfront. For a long time, Tampa has focused on building highways and other structures that cut off water from its residents. Now they plan to invest intensely into their Water Street, a $3 billion, 50-acre waterfront district that covers 16 blocks on Hillsborough Bay.

The project is being developed by Strategic Property Partners, a joint venture from Jeffrey Vinik—the owner of the Tampa Bay Lightning hockey team, and Cascade Investment. Boston-based Elkus Manfredi Architects and Reed Hilderbrand will be working on the landscape and master plan architecture.

If the plans are successful the Water Street will become the first WELL-certified community. This certification sets new design and health standards such as focusing on elements like daylight and air quality. The Architects Newspaper says it will have “A centralized district cooling facility will be built to serve all the buildings in Water Street, opening up rooftops to have more space for greenery and/or active amenity spaces.” Water Street also looks to be LEED Neighborhood Development Certified, which helps shape sustainability.

According to the New York Times, the development will consist of “17 buildings, including two new hotels and the renovation of a third, with restaurants and rooftop bars, and one million square feet of cultural and retail space, plus 3,500 residential units.” Once completed it is estimated that more than 23,000 people will live, work dine and visit Water Street. The first phase of the project is expected to be open in 2021 with an estimated completion date of 2027.