Right-of-Way: Pest Management Overview | Alabama Approved

Right-of-Way:
Pest Management Overview


Course Description

Pest management in right-of-way situations can be a challenge. The economic thresholds are different in right-of-way situations compared to either a landscape setting or an agricultural setting. The treatment areas can be more readily viewed by the public or may be too rough to reach using traditional equipment. While broadleaf and woody plant material is usually the major pests in right-of-way situations there can be insect and vertebrate pests that need management. This course provides an overview of pests common to rights-of-way, management solutions, a look at the equipment commonly used to treat rights-of-way, and a review of calibration steps for that equipment.

After completing this course participants will be able to:

  • Outline the principles of an IPM program in right-of-way situations
  • Identify weeds and other pests commonly found in rights-of-way
  • Identify and calibrate equipment commonly used in right-of-way applications
  • Demonstrate an understanding of professional conduct and how to interact with the public

Chapter 1 – Pest Management Overview

Lesson 1 – Integrated Pest Management

  • Integrated Pest Management
    • Pest Identification
    • Monitoring
    • Determination of Site-Specific Requirements
    • Development and Implementation of Control Strategies
    • Evaluating Control Strategies for Effectiveness
  • Pest Management Techniques
    • Biological Controls
      • Allelopathy
    • Cultural Controls
      • Timing of the planting
      • Nurse crops
      • Controlled burning
      • Mulching
      • Shading
      • Sanitation
    • Mechanical Controls
    • Chemical Controls
  • Special Environmental Concerns

Lesson 2 – Common Right-of-Way Weeds

  • Plant Types
    • Annuals
    • Biennials
    • Perennials
  • Developmental Stages
    • Seedling phase
    • Vegetative phase
    • Seed production phase
    • Maturity phase
  • Weed Biology
    • Monocots
    • Dicots
  • Classification of Land Plants
    • Grasses
    • Sedges
    • Herbaceous broadleaves
    • Vines
    • Brush and trees
    • Ferns
    • Parasitic seed plants
  • Classification of Aquatic Plants
    • Emergent
    • Floating
    • Submergent
    • Algae
  • Considerations

Lesson 3 – Weed Identification

  • Nomenclature Review
  • Ash
  • Black Locust
  • Boxelder
  • Poison Ivy
  • Red Maple
  • Sassafras
  • Wild Black Cherry
  • Black Willow
  • American Elm
  • Trembling Aspen (Quaking Aspen, Poplar)
  • Cattail
  • Chicory
  • Goldenrod (Gray Golden Rod)
  • Wild Carrot (Queen Anne's Lace)
  • Canada Thistle
  • Musk Thistle
  • Purple Loosestrife
  • Phragmites

Lesson 4 – Herbicides and Weeds

  • Factors Affecting Herbicidal Action
  • Herbicidal Action Characteristics
    • Foliage-absorbed vs Root-absorbed
    • Contact herbicide vs Systemic herbicide
    • Persistent vs Nonpersistent
    • Selective vs Nonselective
  • Plant Characteristics
    • Growing points
    • Leaf shape
    • Wax and cuticle
    • Leaf hairs
    • Deactivation
    • Stage in the life cycle
  • Climate Factors
    • Relative humidity
    • Light
    • Precipitation
    • Wind
    • Temperature
    • Length of growing season

Lesson 5 – Herbicides and Weeds – cont.

  • Selective Herbicides
    • Foliage spraying
      • Low volume ground foliar
        • Drift minimization
      • High volume ground foliar
      • Aerial application
    • Basal spray methods
      • Conventional basal spraying
      • Low volume basal spraying
    • Granular or pellet applications
    • Spotgun application
    • Cut surface applications
  • Non-Selective Herbicides
    • Soil
    • Moisture
    • Vegetation types
    • Soil Microorganisms
    • Application methods
  • Other Chemicals for Control

Lesson 6 – Plant Growth Regulators

  • Gibberellin Inhibitors
  • Auxin Type Regulators
  • Tree Growth Regulation
  • Roadside Turf Regulation

Lesson 7 – Other Right-of-Way Pests

  • Insect Pests
    • Chewing mouthparts
    • Piercing-sucking mouthparts
  • Managing Insects
    • No metamorphosis
    • Gradual metamorphosis
    • Complete metamorphosis
  • Disease Pest Management
  • Fungi and Insects in Wood Structures
  • Vertebrate Pest Management
    • Mechanical controls
    • Sanitation
    • Chemical controls

Lesson 8 – Equipment and Calibration

  • Application Equipment Components
    • Tank
    • Agitators
      • Mechanical agitation
      • Hydraulic agitation
    • Strainers
    • Pumps
      • Centrifugal pump
      • Gear pump
      • Roller pump
      • Diaphragm pump
      • Piston pump
    • Pressure regulators
    • Pressure gauge
    • Hoses
    • Nozzles
      • Flat fan nozzle
      • Off center
  • Sprayers for Right-of-Way Maintenance
    • Portable sprayers
      • Compressed air sprayers
      • Backpack mist blowers
    • Truck or vehicle mounted sprayers
      • High pressure spray rigs
      • Low pressure spray rigs
      • Truck mounted mist blowers
      • Aerial sprayers

Lesson 9 – Equipment and Calibration – cont.

  • Calibrating Boom Sprayers
  • Calibrating Granular Spreaders
  • Hand Application
  • Dosage-Regulated Applications

Lesson 10 – Public Relations

  • Differences in Perception
    • Do's and Don'ts
    • Carelessness
    • Drainage
    • Toxic plants
    • Problems for landowners
    • Marijuana
    • Brown out
  • Safety Measures

Respiratory Protection


Course Description

Respirators protect workers against insufficient oxygen environments, harmful dusts, fogs, smokes, mists, gases, vapors, and sprays. These hazards may cause cancer, lung impairment, diseases, or death. Some pesticide labels require the use of a respirator as part of the personal protective equipment. This course outlines the types of respirators available, proper fit, and inspection/maintenance requirements.

After completing this course participants will be able to:

  • Discuss the different types of respirators and when to use each type
  • Describe the steps of a successful fit test
  • Outline the necessary care and maintenance required for each type of respirator

Chapter 1 – Respiratory Protection

Lesson 1

  • Identifying the hazards
  • Training
  • Medical evaluation questionnaire
  • Fit testing
    • positive/negative pressure
  • Fit check

Lesson 2

  • Maintenance
  • Proper storage
  • Cartridges/gaskets
  • Types
    • half-face
    • full-face
  • Correct cartridges for toxin
  • Facial hair

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