Natural Areas Weed Management | Oklahoma Approval #OK20210099

Natural Areas Weed Management


Course Description

This course is for agricultural pesticide applicators who want to become certified as commercial or public applicators of restricted-use pesticides for the control of natural areas. It outlines various invasive weeds in natural areas and how an applicator should go about treating natural areas with respect to wildlife and the environment.

After completing this course participants will be able to:

  • Identify which equipment and pesticide product should be used in each application.
  • Identify various applications in natural areas.

Chapter 1 – Natural Areas Weed Management

Lesson 1 – Licensing

  • Terms to Know
  • Background
  • Licensing Classifications
  • Aerial Applications
  • Restricted Use Pesticides
  • Pesticide Application Records

Lesson 2 – Pest Plants in Natural Areas

  • Terms to Know
  • Weed Science
  • Regulating and Categorizing Pest Plants
    • Locally Prohibited Plants – Restrictions
    • Exotic Pest Plant Council List of Invasive Species
  • Plant Categories
    • Ferns
    • Herbaceous Plants
    • Shrubs
    • Vines
    • Grasses
    • Trees
  • Plant Names
  • Identification of Pest Plants
    • Ferns
      • Asian Sword Fern
      • Sword Fern
    • Herbaceous Species
      • Wetland Nightshade
      • Tropical Soda Apple
      • Caesar's Weed

Lesson 3 – Pest Plants in Natural Areas (cont.)

  • Identification of Pest Plants (cont.)
    • Shrubs
      • Coral Ardisia
      • Shoebutton Ardisia
      • Chinese Privet
      • Strawberry Guava
      • Guava
      • Downy Rosemyrtle
      • Mexican Petunia
    • Vines
      • Rosary Pea
      • White Yam
      • Air Potato
      • Japanese Honeysuckle
      • Japanese Climbing Fern
      • Old World Climbing Fern
      • Cat's Claw Vine
      • Kudzu
    • Grasses
      • ???????Concongrass
      • Natal Grass
      • Napier Grass
      • Para Grass
    • ???????Trees
      • ???????Silktree
      • Woman's Tongue
      • Australian Pine
      • She-Oak
      • Camphor Tree
      • Melaleuca
      • Brazilian Pepper
      • Chinese Tallow?????????????????????

Lesson 4 – Herbicide Characteristics

  • Terms to Know
  • Toxicity of Herbicides
    • ???????Wildlife
    • Public Health
  • ???????Herbicide Solubility
  • Absorption of Herbicides by Plants
    • ???????Foliar Absorption
    • ??????????????Root Absorption
    • Stem Absorption
  • ???????Behavior of Herbicides in Plants
    • ???????Translocation

Lesson 5 – Herbicide Characteristics (cont.)

  • Behavior of Herbicides in Plants (cont.)
    • Terminology
    • Preemergent vs Postemergent
    • Selective vs Nonselective
    • Contact vs Systemic
    • Persistent vs Nonpersistent
  • Herbicide Modes of Action
    • Auxin Growth Regulators
    • Amino Acid Inhibitors
    • Photosynthesis Inhibitors

Lesson 6 – Herbicide Characteristics (cont.)

  • Factors that Affect Herbicide Activity
    • ???????Drought
    • Rainfall
    • Wind
    • Growth Stage
  • ???????Herbicides Applied in Natural Areas
    • ???????2,4-D
    • ??????????????Aminocyclopyrachlor
    • Aminopyralid
    • Fluazifop-P
    • Glyphosate
    • Hexazinone
    • Imazamox
    • Imazapic
    • Metsulfuron
    • Triclopyr
  • ???????Pesticide Resistance in General
  • Herbicide Resistance Management
Lesson 7 – Methods of Application
  • Terms to Know
  • Foliar Applications
  • Basal Bark Applications
  • Hack-and-Squirt Applications
  • Stump Treatments
  • Soil Applications
  • Don't be a Vector
  • Post-treatment Monitoring
    • ???????Responses

Lesson 8 – Mixing, Loading, and Application

  • Terms to Know
  • Applicator Safety
  • Diluents
    • Water
    • Oils
  • Adjuvants
    • Surfactants
    • Penetrants
    • Water Conditioners and Buffering Agents
    • Deposition Aids and Drift Control Agents
    • Antifoaming Agents
    • Coloring or Marking Agents
  • Perparing Spray Mixtures & Herbicide Rates
  • Using Proportions to Calculate Dilutions
  • Calibrating Sprayer for Broadcast Rate/Acre
    • Calculation 1 – Liquid Formulation
  • Dry Formulations
    • Method 1
    • Method 2
    • Calculation

Lesson 9 – Non-Herbicide Methods

  • Terms to Know
  • Biological Controls for:
    • ???????Air Potato
    • Brazilian Peppertree
    • Chinese Privet
    • Malaleuca
    • Old World Climbing Fern
    • Tropical Soda Apple
  • ???????Future Implications
  • Manual Removal
  • Mechanical Removal
  • Prescribed Burning

Lesson 10 – Understanding the Label

  • Terms to Know
  • Safety Information
  • ???????Child Hazard Warning
  • Signal Word
  • Statement of Practical Treatment
  • Hazards to Humans and Domestic Animals
  • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • Environmental Hazards
  • Use Classification
  • Brand (Trade) Name
  • Ingredient Statement
  • Net Contents
  • EPA Registration Number
  • EPA Establishment Number
  • Name/Address of Manufacturer
  • Formulation
  • Physical and Chemical Hazards
  • Limited Warranty and Disclaimer
  • Directions for Use
  • Storage and Disposal

Final Assessment


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