Frequently Asked Questions
Vermont Pesticide Applicator General Information
State Licensing Contact Information
Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food & Markets
Phone: (802) 828-2431
Web: Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food & Markets
Address: 116 State Street Montpelier, VT 05620-2901
What kind of Vermont pesticide applicator license do I need?
Private Applicators - Farmers of all kinds: dairy, vegetables, berries, apples, grapes, nursery stock, Christmas trees, and more.
Commercial Applicators - Employees of companies that perform (but not limited to) the following services: pest control, mosquito control, landscape, lawn care, tree care, agricultural custom application, forest pest control including invasive plant control, vegetation control (right-of-way), aquatic weed control, wood preservation, aerial application. To use any pesticides on the property of others you must be a commercial applicator and be affiliated with a licensed pesticide applicator company.
Non-commercial Applicators - Golf course superintendents, groundskeepers, those that perform in-house cooling tower maintenance, and others that may use certain classes of pesticides only on their employer's property as part of their work. It may also include those that sell pesticides from a location outside of Vermont as a travelling salesperson.
Government Applicators - Employees of federal, state, or municipal departments or agencies that use (including the recommendation of) pesticides as part of their job.
What are the categories for pesticide licensing in Vermont?
2—Forest Pest Control
3a—Ornamental & Shade Tree Pest Control
3b—Turf Pest Control
5—Aquatic Pest Control
7a—General (Structural) Pest Control
7b—Mosquito & Biting Fly
7c—Food Processing Pest Control
10—Research, Demonstration & Sales
Do I need a Vermont pesticide applicator certification to apply general use pesticides for hire?
Does the state of Vermont offer pesticide applicator licensing reciprocity with other states?
Yes, Vermont currently has reciprocal licensing agreements with the following states: New York, New Jersey, Rhode Island & Pennsylvania.
Vermont Pesticide Applicator Certifications
How do I become a certified Vermont pesticide applicator?
Commercial, Non-Commercial or Government Applicators:
- Take Core exam and relevant category exams
- Pay applicable fees
- Complete application for applicator and company licenses
- Take Core exam
- Pay $25 fee
- Complete application
Who administers the Vermont pesticide applicator exams?
The Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food & Markets administers the pesticide applicator exams.
How do I schedule my Vermont pesticide applicator exam?
You must register at least 2 days in advance. Call (802) 828-3479 to register.
Where can I find reference materials for the Vermont pesticide exam?
Reference materials are available from the Cornell University bookstore. Click here for a list of category specific manuals and links to purchase them.
Is the Vermont pesticide exam open book?
All pesticide exams are closed book.
What fees are associated with pesticide applicator certification in Vermont?
Private Applicator Certification: $25
Categories: $30/year with a maximum of $120 per applicator
Exam Re-Take: $25
Vermont Pesticide Applicator Renewals
What continuing education is required to renew a Vermont pesticide applicator certification?
Commercial, Non-Commercial & Government Applicators: 16 recertification credits in the appropriate category or categories every 5 years.
Private Applicators: 8 recertification credits every 5 years.
How do I renew my Vermont pesticide applicator certification?
You must either complete the required number of recertification credits OR re-take the applicable exams.
How long is my Vermont pesticide applicator certification valid?
Commercial, Non-Commercial & Government Applicator Certifications: valid for 5 years, but must be renewed annually.
Private Applicators: valid for 5 years.
My Vermont pesticide applicator certification expired, how do I get it reinstated?
You must re-test and re-apply.
Worker Protection Standard (WPS) FAQs
How does it work?
- $159 will train your whole staff for a year (up to 25 employees)
- Training can be completed as often as needed for up to 25 employees.
- Employees can watch the video course individually or all at once
- Certificates will be available for each worker at the end of the course
Who is an Agricultural Worker?
An agricultural worker is anyone who works in a field that has been sprayed with pesticides within the last 30 days or does high-contact agricultural tasks such as weeding, moving irrigation equipment, pruning, and harvesting. Workers DO NOT handle pesticides.
Who is a Handler?
A handler is anyone who assists with applications, mixes, loads, or transfers pesticides into application equipment, cleans repairs, or maintains application equipment, works on equipment that has been used to mix, load, or apply, disposes of pesticides or materials with pesticides on them, acts as a flagger, performs tasks as a crop adviser, or applies pesticides.
Which Establishments are Required to Provide Worker Protection Standard Training?
The Worker Protection Standard (WPS) applies to all establishments involved in growing, producing, or maintaining for sale agricultural plants (including ornamental plants). This may include, but is not limited to:
- Nurseries, garden centers, or other similar operations where plants are maintained for sale (retail or wholesale).
- All Crop producing farms.
- Dairy farms that produce hay for cattle.
- Forestry Operations
- Golf courses that produce their own sod
- Public park operations that produce their own plants
- Prisons that have "Prison Farms" where agricultural plants are produced and the prisoners are employed as workers or handlers.
- The WPS also applies to any establishment operating as a commercial pesticide handling establishment that applies WPS-labeled pesticide products on agricultural establishments or provides crop advising services for an agricultural establishment.
Which pesticide applicators are covered by the WPS?
Most establishments covered by the WPS are crop producing such as farms, forest operations or nurseries. WPS also covers family owned agricultural operations even if only family members handle and work around pesticides. Essentially, WPS applies to any entity that grows, maintains or produces agricultural plants.
The following facilities or operations that are not generally recognized as traditional agricultural production establishments are covered by the rule if they use WPS-labeled pesticide products:
- Nurseries, garden centers or other similar operations
- Dairy farms if they produce hay for cattle feed.
- Golf courses that produce sod or ornamentals for their course
- Public parks or privately-held ornamental garden operations that produce ornamental plants
- Theme parks, hotels, or other entertainment operations that produce ornamentals for their locations
- Prisons that have “prison farms” where plants are produced by employed prisoners
- University extension agricultural research facilities that conduct research on agricultural plants
- Educational classes or vocational agriculture programs where plant production is completed by students and students receive compensation or reduced tuition
- Pine straw harvesting/production operations.
- Government-owned or managed agricultural operations.
The WPS also applies to any entity operating as a commercial pesticide handling establishment applying or advising the application of WPS-labeled pesticide products on agricultural commodities
What does Worker Protection Standard Require?
All employers must provide EPA approved pesticide training for workers and handlers. Employers must also provide access to specific information including: applications on the establishment, safety data sheets for pesticides applied on establishment, and display a poster with pesticide safety and emergency information.
Employers must keep workers and others out of areas where pesticides are being applied and away from equipment during applications. Handlers must stop application if workers or others are near equipment during applications. Workers must stay out of areas that are under a restricted-entry interval (REI). All early-entry workers on the job in in pesticide-treated areas during REI must be trained in the correct usage of personal protective equipment. Any handlers using highly toxic pesticides must be monitored. Personal protective equipment must be provided and monitored by employers.
The Worker Protection Standard course will train handlers and workers on supply decontamination and emergency assistance including transportation in the case of a pesticide-related accident.
More information on the requirements and how to comply can be found here. https://goo.gl/bjfk8K
When is Worker Protection Standard Required?
As of January 2nd, 2017 employers are required to train workers and handlers annually before pesticide application.
What has changed with Worker Protection Standards?
- Full Training for Workers and Handlers is now required annually (Every year).
- No grace period for training. Workers must be trained before they work in an area where pesticide has been used or an REI has been in effect in the past 30 days.
- Handlers are no longer able to be the qualified person available during the training.
- Expanded training content requirements.
- Establishments must keep records of training for 2 years and provide records to Workers and Handlers if requested.
- Handlers and early entry workers must be at least 18 years old.
Which Pesticides are included under Worker Protection Standards?
A pesticide product is covered by the WPS if the following statement is in the Directions for Use section on the product labeling:
AGRICULTURAL USE REQUIREMENTS
Use this product only in accordance with its labeling and with the Worker Protection Standard, 40 CFR 170.
How can I contact the EPA with Worker Protection Standard questions?
More information may be found at the EPA Agricultural Worker Protection Standard website, or you may reach the EPA at one of the regional offices listed below.
EPA Region 1 (New England) - 888-372-7341 in the New England States, or 617-918-1111
EPA Region 2 - 887-251-4575
EPA Region 3 (Mid-Atlantic) - 800-428-2474 in Region 3, or 215-814-5122
EPA Region 4 (Southeast) - 800-241-1754 in Region 4, or 404-562-9900
EPA Region 5 - 800-621-8431 in Region 5, or 312-353-2000
EPA Region 6 (South Central) - 800-887-6063
EPA Region 7 (Midwest) - 800-223-0425 in Region 7, or 913-551-7003
EPA Region 8 (Mountains and Plains) - 800-227-8917 in Region 8, or 303-312-6312
EPA Region 9 (Pacific Southwest) - 866-372-9378 in Region 9, or 415-947-8000
EPA Region 10 (Pacific Northwest) - 800-424-4372 in Region 10, or 206-553-1200
Not sure what region you're in? Click here.
Who is required to provide WPS training?
Employers at agricultural establishments and commercial pesticide handling establishments such as farms, forests, nurseries, and greenhouses.
Does the Worker Protection Standard requirement apply to organic farming?
Yes! Worker Protection Standards apply to pesticides if the following statement is in the Directions for Use section on the product labeling:
AGRICULTURAL USE REQUIREMENTS
Use this product only in accordance with its labeling and with the Worker Protection Standard, 40 CFR 170.
Core Exam Prep FAQs
What do I have to know to pass the Core Applicator Exam?
- Up-to-date pest management information and your responsibilities as an applicator
- Six general pest management methods and their application
- "Integrated Pest Management (IPM)" solutions defined
- Simplified federal pesticide laws and regulations that you will understand
- "Restricted use" vs. "general use" pesticides
- Learn to build an organized record keeping system
- Pesticide label explanations for proper identification and use
- Understand pesticide formulation and its effects
- Common abbreviations for pesticide formulations (e.g. WP or RUP)
- Typical symptoms of pesticide exposure in humans and harmful effects
- Hazard level classification including corresponding signal words
- Complete guide to Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
- Clear understanding of environmental effects of pesticides
- Proper transportation, storage and security of pesticides
- Emergency response and how to react
- Choosing the proper pesticide and correct application procedures
- Practice exam to test your knowledge
Who should take this online video course?
Anyone who is preparing to become a commercial or private pesticide applicator and plans on taking the National Pesticide Applicator Certification Core Exam. This course will give you everything you need to know to pass the exam on your first try. It is also an awesome tool for pesticide applicators who would like to refresh their knowledge or need to complete CEUs*.
*Please check with your state for current continuing education requirements.
Certified Crop Adviser (CCA) FAQs
What is a Certified Crop Adviser (CCA)?
The CCA certification was established by the American Society of Agronomy in 1992 to provide a benchmark for practicing agronomy professionals in the United States and Canada.
Who should become a Certified Crop Adviser?
Any adviser/consultant that spends the majority of their time advising growers or farm managers/operators on agronomic practices and can meet the standards of the program. Being certified adds credibility and shows that you are serious about what you do.
How do I become a Certified Crop Adviser?
- Pass two exams (International and Local Board)
- Meet the experience requirements
- Apply for the CCA Credential
What are the minimum experience requirements for becoming a Certified Crop Adviser?
- Have at least two years of experience with at least a Bachelor of Science Degree in an agronomy related field
(Please keep in mind that University degrees and transcripts must be in English and based on the United States educational standard. If you need assistance in the translation process, you may use Educational Credential Evaluators, Inc. or World Education Services)
*The number of CCAs with at least a Bachelor of Science Degree is greater than 70%
- Have at least three years of experience with an Associates Degree in an agronomy related field
- Have at least four years of experience with no degree
How do I apply to become a Certified Crop Adviser?
Once I become a Certified Crop Adviser, how do I maintain my certification?
- Earn 40 hours of continuing education units every 2 years
- Pay an annual renewal fee
How long is my Certified Crop Adviser certification valid?
2 years: your certification will expire December 31st two years after your initial certification date.
For example: if you became a CCA on any day between January 1st, 2018-December 31st, 2018--your expiration date would be December 31st, 2020.
Are your continuing education courses approved for CCA CEU Credit by the American Society of Agronomy?
Yes, many of our courses are approved by the American Society of Agronomy Board. On the state pages, the course description will say “Approved for Certified Crop Adviser Credit”.
As a Certified Crop Adviser, am I required to take continuing education units in certain areas or topics?
Yes, the continuing education units you complete must fall within certain topic guidelines. The topic breakdown is as follows:
In each two year cycle, a CCA must complete a minimum of 5 CEUs in each of the 4 categories.
The categories are Nutrient Management, Soil and Water Management, Integrated Pest Management, and Crop Management.
At least 20 of the 40 total CEUs must be board approved.
Can I use your courses for credit for CCA continuing education requirements as well as my state licensing recertification requirements?
Yes, absolutely! Any course that is approved for Certified Crop Adviser Credit can also be used for state pesticide applicator continuing education credits.