Fruit Crop Pest Management Exam Prep

Fruit Crop Pest Management


Course Description

Pesticides protect plants and animals from insects, nematodes, weeds, and diseases; improve the efficiency of food productions, and provide for greater crop yields. This course outlines various invasive pests of fruit crops and how an applicator can effectively treat pest infestations while protecting themselves and maintaining productive fruit crop yields intended for human consumption.

After completing this course users will be able to:

  • Identify invasive pests of fruit crops, including insects, weeds, diseases, and nematodes.
  • Operate and properly calibrate various types of application equipment.
  • Outline effective practices for the management of various pest populations.

Chapter 1 – Integrated Pest Management

  • Monitoring
    • Visual Counts
    • Leaf Brushing
    • Beating tray
    • Pheromone Traps
    • Other Traps
  • Threshold
    • Economic Injury Levels
    • Action Threshold
  • Forecasting
  • Growing Degree-day Models
    • Biofixes
  • Management Strategies
    • Cultural Practices
    • Biological Controls
    • Mating Disruption
    • Chemical Control
      • Broad-spectrum vs Selective Insecticides
        • Preharvest Interval
        • Residues
        • Reentry Interval
        • Phytotoxicity
        • Pesticide Resistance
  • Evaluation
Chapter 2 – Minimizing Pesticide Impact
  • State & Federal Laws
  • Protecting Groundwater
    • Keeping Pesticides out of Groundwater and Surface Water
  • Protecting Non-target Organisms
  • Potential for Pesticide Resistance
    • The Development of Resistance
    • Resistance Management
  • Notifying Neighbors

Chapter 3 – Application Equipment & Calibration

  • Types of Sprayers
    • Foliar Applications
      • Air-blast and Air-assisted Sprayers
      • Low-volume Spraying
    • Ground Application
      • Granular Applications
      • Drop-Through Spreaders
      • Rotary Spreaders
  • Sprayer Parts
    • Tanks
    • Agitators
    • Pumps
    • Strainers
    • Hoses
    • Pressure Regulators
    • Pressure Guage
    • Nozzles
      • Regular Flat-Fan Nozzle
      • Even Flat-Fan Nozzle
      • Flooding Flat-Fan Nozzle
      • Hollow-Cone Whirl Chamer Nozzle
      • Raindrop Nozzle
  • Operation and Maintenance of Sprayers
    • Before Spraying
    • During Spraying
    • After Spraying

Chapter 4 – Spraying Fruit

  • Dilute Applications
  • Low-Volume or Concentrate Applications
  • Tree-row Volume
  • Calculations for Dilute Applications
    • How Much Water is Needed?
    • Method 1 – Experience
    • Method 2 – Tree-row Volume Chart
    • Method 3 – Tree-row Volume Equations
      • Optional Adjustments for Method 3
        • Canopy thickness
        • Pesticide type
        • Lower limit
    • How Much Pesticide is Needed?
  • Calculations for Concentrate Spraying
    • How Much Water is Needed?
    • Example Calculations for Concentration
    • How Much Pesticide is Needed?
      • Methods and Examples
  • ???????Spraying in Different Seasons and Orchards
    • ???????Managing Different Sized and Spaced Orchard Blocks
    • Seasonal Adjustments
  • Sprayer Calibration and Rate
    • Nozzle Flow Rate
    • Ground Speed of Sprayer

Chapter 5 – Insect Management

Lesson 1

  • Growth and Development
    • Gradual Metamorphosis
    • Complete Metamorphosis
    • Considerations for Pest Management
  • Tree Fruit
    • Apple Maggot
    • American Plum Borer
    • Lesser Peachtree Borer
    • Peachtree Borer
    • Cherry Fruit Flies
    • Codling Moth

Lesson 2

  • Tree Fruit (cont.)
    • Green Fruitworms
    • European Red Mite
    • Twospotted Spider Mite
    • Obliquebanded Leafroller
    • Oriental Fruit Moth
    • Pear Psylla
    • Plum Curculio

Lesson 3

  • Tree Fruit (cont.)
    • Spotted Tentiform Leafminer
    • White Apple Leafhopper
  • Blueberries
    • Blueberry Maggot
    • Japanese Beetle

Lesson 4

  • Grapes
    • Climbing Cutworms
    • Grape Berry Moth
    • Grape Leafhopper
  • Raspberries
    • Aphids
    • Raspberry Cane Borer
  • Strawberries
    • Twospotted Spider Mites
    • Cyclamen Mites
    • Strawberry Clipper
    • Tarnished Plant Bug

Chapter 6 – Weed Management

  • Life Cycles of Weeds
    • Annual
    • Biennial
    • Perennial
  • ???????Integrated Weed Control
    • ???????Cultural Control
    • Mechanical Control
    • Chemical Control
    • Evaluating Results
  • ???????Herbicide Carryover and Injuries
  • ???????Herbicide Combinations
  • Herbicide Adjuvants
  • Herbicide Compatibility Problems

Chapter 7 – Disease Management

Lesson 1

  • Fungi
  • Bacteria
  • Viruses
  • Disease Triangle
  • Disease Cycle
  • Disease Management
    • ???????Cultural Control
    • Biological Control
    • Chemical Control
  • ???????Diseases of Pome Fruit
    • ???????Fire Blight of Apples and Pears
  • ???????Diseases of Apple
    • ???????Apple Scab
    • Powdery Mildew
    • Sooty Blotch and Flyspeck
  • ???????Diseases of Pear
    • ???????Pear Scab
  • ???????Diseases of Stone Fruit
    • ???????Brown Rot
  • ???????Diseases of Cherry
    • ???????Alternaria Fruit Rot
    • Bacterial Canker
    • Cherry Leaf Spot

Lesson 2

  • Diseases of Peach
    • ???????Bacterial Spot
    • Peach Leaf Curl
  • ???????Diseases of Plum
    • ???????Black Knot
  • ???????Diseases of Blueberry
    • ???????Anthracnose
    • Phomopsis Canker and Twig Blight
    • Shoestring Disease
    • Mummy Berry
  • ???????Diseases of Grape
    • ???????Black Rot
    • Powdery Mildew
    • Phomopsis Cane and Leaf Spot
  • ???????Diseases of Raspberry
    • ???????Anthracnose
    • Orange Rust
    • Spur Blight
  • ???????Diseases of Strawberry
    • ???????Botrytis Fruit Rot or Gray Mold
    • Black Root Rot
    • Leather Rot

Chapter 8 – Nematode Management

  • Plant-Parasitic Nematodes
    • Life Cycle
    • Sampling Nematode Populations
    • Management of Plant-Parasitic Nematodes
      • ???????Biological Controls
      • ???????Chemical Controls
      • Cultural Controls
    • Site Selection and Preparation Guidelines
  • Nematodes of Importance if Fruit Production
    • Lesion Nematode
    • Dagger Nematode
    • Ring Nematode
    • Northern Root-Knot Nematode

Chapter 9 – Vertebrate Management

  • Management Factors
    • ???????Range
    • Unpredictability
    • Public Perception
    • Legal Status
    • Management Options
  • ???????Birds
  • ???????Voles
  • White-Tailed Deer???????

Final Assessment


Customer service representatives are available to assist you with questions regarding course content. 

If you have any questions, please call us at 1-800-727-7104 or send an email to info@onlinecti.com. Email responses will usually be returned promptly, but guaranteed within one business day.

Student policies and procedures are always available by going to our website and scrolling to the bottom of the page (See Attendance and Privacy Policy).